Census questions and answers

Why is a census needed?

Answer

Firstly, a census is the largest national event. As a result, a specific “picture” of the country's population will appear. The population census is a historical event in our independent republic, but it is a regular event in almost all countries of the world. The first census in the Republic of Uzbekistan will take place in 2023. Secondly, the census data are used to prepare and implement targeted programs, such as “social protection”, “investment”, “housing”, “health care”, “culture”, “tourism”, “education”, “road construction and transport infrastructure”. The exceptional importance of conducting a population census is determined by the fact that it creates a reliable basis for reflection on past periods and forecasts of future development. Thirdly, a census is a UN recommendation. The event was held in many countries of the world. The census helps create a global image of the world's population.

When was the first census in Uzbekistan conducted?

Answer

The first census in Uzbekistan was conducted in 1897, with a population of 3.9 million. As a result of the census, information was obtained on the number of families, the population by sex and age, ethnic composition, births, deaths, and other demographic processes at the late 19th century. A census was also organized on the territory of Uzbekistan in 1926, 1939, 1959, 1970, 1979 and 1989.

How much has the population of Uzbekistan changed since the first census?

Answer

The population has increased 7.3 times since the first census in Uzbekistan.

On what legal basis is a population census conducted?

Answer

Presidential Decree UP-5655 of 5 February in 2019 "On Approval of the Concept for Conducting a Population Census in the Republic of Uzbekistan" sets out the important task of developing a draft law on population census. The Law “On Population Census” was adopted on 16 March 2020. The law defines the following: the purpose and basic principles of the population census, the scope of the law; the subjects of the population census, their rights and responsibilities; the State bodies responsible for the preparation and conduct of the population census, their rights and responsibilities; the census program and the procedure for collecting information on the population; and the procedure for disseminating the results of the census and ensuring the confidentiality of information.

Who conducts the census?

Answer

A population census is the process of collecting, processing and generalization of the received personal data, disseminating and using the final data that determine the demographic and socio-economic characteristics of the population as of the established date, carried out throughout the Republic of Uzbekistan according to a unified state statistical methodology. Participants of the event are not only statistical agencies, but also other bodies of state and economic management of the republic: the State Committee of the Republic of Uzbekistan on Land Resources, Geodesy, Cartography and State Cadastre, in advance and stage by stage, at the request of the State Statistics Committee, in the prescribed manner, ensures the production of cartographic materials (schematic plans of urban and rural settlements, maps of administrative districts) in the amount required for the census.. The Uzarkhiv Agency under the Cabinet of Ministers of the Republic of Uzbekistan coordinates the work of storing census questionnaires and other census documents, as well as carries out permanent storage of summary census documents after processing. The Ministry of Internal Affairs of the Republic of Uzbekistan ensures: the safety of persons involved in the census, and the safety of census materials; the protection of the premises and goods of the census bodies during the census; together with the census bodies takes administrative measures against persons who evade providing the necessary information or obstruct the access of census enumerators to the territory of enterprises and organizations to carry out the census. The Council of Ministers of the Republic of Karakalpakstan and khokimiyats of regions, Tashkent city, districts and cities provide: the allocation of temporary premises equipped with furniture and communication facilities suitable for training and work of persons involved in the work as part of the census; allocation of protected premises for temporary storage of census questionnaires and other census documents; provision of necessary vehicles and communications; drawing up, together with the authorities of the state cadastre and state statistics, a complete list of settlements indicating the number of people living in them permanently.

What sources of funding are used for the census? How much will this event cost?

Answer

Financing of expenses for measures connected with the collection, processing and generalization of received personal data, and also with dissemination and use of final data of population census is carried out at the expense of the State budget of the Republic of Uzbekistan and other means not prohibited by legislation. The volume of necessary financing is determined on the basis of calculations of the State Statistics Committee, Ministry of Finance, Ministry of Economic Development and Poverty Reduction of the Republic of Uzbekistan and other responsible departments, as well as on the basis of results of tender bidding and execution of tender documentation. Remuneration of workers involved in the preparation and conduct of the population census, processing of its materials, obtaining and publication of results is based on specially developed and approved standards.

The need for a census in Uzbekistan?

Answer

Reliable information about the population of the Republic of Uzbekistan and its welfare is the most important basis for the development of long-term forecasts and state targeted programs of socio-economic development. It should be taken into account that in recent years the country has managed to reform the system of local self-government and change the borders of some cities and regions. Population data in administrative units ensure optimization of the population management system as well as clear and effective use of social services. For example, the size of subventions for budget reduction depends on the size and composition of the population living in a certain region. Uzbekistan's desire to increase its competitiveness in the global market cannot be achieved without knowing the country's main source of modern economy - its human potential. Our task is to use the available resources as much as possible. For this, we need to have a clear idea of the composition of the population, economic activity and level of education, migration processes.

How is current population accounting carried out and how reliable is it?

Answer

Current records are kept on the primary documents of the ministries. Until the 10th day of the month following the reporting period, the public service centers provide completed birth, death, marriage and divorce certificates. The district (city) division of internal affairs provides the filled in coupons of the statistical registration to the arrival and departure lists to the regional statistical offices. The regional statistical offices form databases and submit them to the State Statistics Committee. Public authorities are increasingly in need of information on key budgeting parameters, primarily on the age structure of the population. Current population estimates are currently made only by administrative-territorial units - city, town, village, administrative territory.

Is there responsibility for refusing to participate in the census? What about other countries?

Answer

In most countries, participation in a global census is mandatory. Every citizen should take a census, knowing that he/she is part of a community that needs information about citizens. According to the Census Law, participation in a census is a "social obligation of the individual and the citizen". In some countries: USA, UK, and Czech Republic - the law provides for an administrative fine for non-participation in the census. In Turkey, on the census day (one day), all residents are prohibited from leaving their homes to wait for their enumerator. The Bolivian authorities close borders, cancel trains and public transport in cities and order residents not to leave their homes. In Argentina and Chile, the law required all entertainment, shops, restaurants and services to be closed on census day. In our country's history, punishment for non-participation in the census was provided for the only time. In 1939, for the first time in the practice of the Soviet census case, criminal punishment was introduced for evading the census. Later the decree was abolished.

What is the moment of counting the population?

Answer

An important principle in conducting a census is the simultaneity of its implementation. As a rule, the time of conducting the census itself takes about 10-12 days. The exact results of this large-scale event can be achieved if the census is carried out throughout the country at the same time, i.e. it is timed to the same date, which is called a critical point. Establishing this point makes it possible to determine the boundary by which the composition of the population in each locality, in terms of both natural and migration movements should be taken into account. The choice of the critical moment means that those born after it are not counted, but those who die after it are counted because they were still alive at the critical census date.

Why is nationality included in the census form?

Answer

The census is the only information source on the national composition of the population. At present, it is impossible to collect information on the population by nationality in any other way. Representatives of various peoples and nationalities and ethnic groups live in our country. Census data on the nationality of citizens will be based only on information obtained from words on their self-determination. Everyone has the right to determine his/her nationality in accordance with his/her personal feelings, beliefs, education and outlook.

At what age can one take part in the census?

Answer

The entire population of the country, regardless of age, is subject to census. Information about young children will be provided by adult family members.

Where can a census be taken by someone who does not want to let a enumerator into his/her home?

Answer

Citizens who due to any circumstances do not have the opportunity or do not wish to meet with the enumerators in their home may undergo the census procedure at the stationary census division. If possible, such divisions are organized in housing estate centers so that they are accessible to every resident. The location of the stationary divisions will be announced in advance.

How will persons performing military service be enumerated?

Answer

Such persons will be enumerated at the place of military service.